Curriculum Highlights: Second Grade

Language Arts

  • Phonics:  short vowels, blending, dipthongs, diagraphs, vowels, blends
  • Spelling: plurals, syllabication, rules
  • Reading comprehension: vocabulary building, facts, paraphrasing, context, sequence, summarization, inference
  • Word analysis skills
  • Vocabulary skills: homophones, antonyms and synonyms, prefixes and suffixes, context clues, use of dictionary
  • Proofreading
  • Handwriting
  • Grammar and usage:  nouns, verbs, pronouns, capitalization, punctuation
  • Critical thinking
  • Listening skills
  • Speaking skills
  • Composition skills
  • Creative writing
  • Reports and letters
  • Independent reading
  • Junior Great Books
  • Summer workbook
  • Summer reading

 

Mathematics

  • Numeration: sequence through 10,000; writing to 100
  • Measurement: weight, length, capacity
  • Geometry
  • Operations: 2-, 3-, and 4-digit addition and subtraction, multiplication, division
  • Fractions
  • Relations
  • Patterns
  • Functions
  • Money
  • Clocks:  digital and analog
  • Calendars
  • Problem solving
  • Place value: regrouping, standard form
  • Conversion of metric units
  • Decimals: comparing, addition, and subtraction
  • Rounding numbers
  • Summer workbook

Social Studies

  • American holidays
  • American flag
  • Pledge of Allegiance
  • Native Americans
  • Pilgrim pioneers from England
  • English pioneers
  • Columbus
  • Other explorers
  • Colonial America

Science

  • Plants
  • Animals
  • Living together:  populations and communities
  • Nutrition and health
  • Earth science
  • Space science
  • Matter
  • Work and machines
  • Frequent hands-on activities/labs

Geography

  • Globe
  • Four hemispheres
  • Cardinal directions/compass rose
  • Lines of latitude and longitude
  • Map features, including scale, symbols/keys, boundaries, intermediate directions
  • Cities and capital cities
  • Counties and states
  • Map grids
  • Different kinds of maps
  • North American continent
  • Bodies of water
  • United States and its five regions

Physical Education

  • Daily P.E. class
  • Fitness and conditioning
  • Body control:  agility, flexibility, endurance, balance,  gross motor coordination, hand-eye coordination, spatial skills
  • Movement skills, including dance
  • Manipulative activities
  • Game skills
  • Good health habits:  hygiene, diet, safety
  • Respect, cooperation, confidence

Visual Arts

  • Dedicated art studio
  • Art class twice weekly
  • Exploration of various forms of media
  • Drawing and coloring: pencil, eraser, markers, oil pastels, pastels, crayons
  • Painting: tempura paint, watercolors, watercolor crayons
  • Sculpture: plasticene, air-drying clay
  • Collage: paper, glue, scissors, fabric
  • Self expression, respect, confidence
  • Annual, school-wide art contest

Performing Arts

Music

  • Listening to a variety of music
  • Rhythmic speech in counterpoint
  • Choral speech: focus on diction, dynamics, and interpretation
  • Group singing
  • Reading and writing musical notation
  • Recorder
  • Percussion: hand drum, piccolo blocs, soprano xylophone and others
  • Performance:  two music programs each year

Drama

  • Attendance at dramatic productions
  • Speaking role in class play
  • Develop acting skills
  • Use of costumes and props
  • Ensemble/solo singing, choreography
  • Public speaking, confidence

Modern/Classical Languages

French

  • Basic parts of speech:  nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and articles
  • Declarative and interrogative sentences
  • Nutrition/fruits/vegetables
  • Paris geography and monuments
  • Planets/solar system
  • Continents
  • Body parts
  • Weather/clothing
  • Time
  • French breakfast
  • Shopping
  • House/neighborhood
  • Native Americans and French explorers
  • Comparisons between American/French culture

Library                                                                                           

  • Types of libraries, librarians
  • Introduce Dewey Decimal System
  • Independent library time
  • Genres: historical fiction/biographies, folk tales, fairy tales, myths, science
  • Use  of table of contents, index
  • Use of dictionary
  • Non-fiction research skills
  • Oral book reporting

Technology

  • Star Boards in each classroom
  • Rolling computer cart for classroom computer use
  • Basic familiarity with computers

Field Trips

Several field trips per year; recent examples include:

  • National Gallery of Art
  • Rock Hill Orchard
  • Maryland Science Center
  • Colvin Run Mill
  • Bull Run Park
  • National Zoo